What is minimally invasive surgery?
Minimally invasive surgery (MIS) is a type of surgery that limits the number and size of incisions needed to perform the procedure. This approach can result in shorter recovery times, reduced pain and a lower risk of infection compared to traditional, open surgery.
In minimally invasive surgery, one or more small incision is made in the body. The surgeon will insert a laparoscope through one of the incisions. A laparoscope is a long tube with a light and high-resolution camera. As the laparoscope moves, images from the camera are displayed on the screen to be viewed in real time. The surgeon will insert other instruments in the remaining incisions which are used to carry out the surgical procedure. Once complete, the instruments are removed from the incisions, and the incisions are then closed with stitches or tape.
Minimally invasive robotic surgery
Minimally invasive robotic surgery is an alternative to conventional techniques and can enable surgeons to perform many types of complex procedures with high precision, flexibility, and control.
The most widely adopted minimally invasive surgical robotic systems include a robotic arm with a camera and additional robotic arms with surgical instruments attached to them. The surgeon performs the procedure, controlling the arms, whilst seated or standing at a surgeon/computer console near the operating table. The surgeon console provides a high-definition, 3D display from the camera arm.