What is spine surgery?
Spine surgery is a surgical specialty focused on disorders of the spine. Procedures for spine surgery include open surgery, minimally invasive surgery, and robot-assisted spine surgery. Open surgery is a traditional procedure where the surgeon uses a large incision (typically around six inches in length), and patients may experience pain, long surgery times and long recovery times. In contrast, minimally invasive surgery is performed through small incisions with surgeons using specialised instruments to perform the procedures. Benefits of minimally invasive surgery compared to open surgery can include less scarring, smaller risk of infection, shorter hospital stays and faster recovery times.
Robotic spine surgery
Robotic spine surgery is a type of minimally invasive spine surgery where a robotic system assists the surgeon in performing the procedure. In some instances, the surgeon will stand or sit at a surgeon console, controlling the movement of robotic arms with surgical instruments attached to them. This type of robotic system also includes a robotic arm with a camera, which provides the surgeon with a high-definition, 3D visual of the operating area. The precise instrument control and enhanced view can improve the precision of the surgery compared to traditional techniques.
Robotic systems are also used to assist the surgeon with alignment during spine surgery. Typically, this type of system will combine a rigid robotic arm and full navigation capabilities, and is designed to improve accuracy and efficiency, and optimise patient care.